Africa – 25 June 2015

British police arrest Rwandan spy chief
British police have arrested Rwandan Intelligence chief Karenzi Karake at the request of Spain, where he is wanted in connection with war crimes. The director general of Rwanda’s National Intelligence and Security Services, Karenzi Karake, was arrested at London Heathrow Airport on Saturday for crimes related to the Rwandan genocide.
“Karenzi Karake, 54, a Rwandan national appeared before Westminster Magistrates’ Court … after being arrested on a European arrest warrant on behalf of the authorities in Spain, where he is wanted in connection with war crimes against civilians,” British police said on Monday in an emailed statement.
Mail& Guardian

ANC says ICC is dangerous and South Africa should withdraw
The International Criminal Court is “dangerous” and South Africa should withdraw from it, a leader of the ruling African National Congress said on Monday, defending the government’s decision not to arrest indicted Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir.
President Jacob Zuma’s government and the ANC have come under fire for allowing Bashir, who faces charges of genocide at the court, to slip out of South Africa through a military air base after attending an African Union summit last week.

Pan-African collaboration key for economic progress on the continent
Much has been said about the race amongst Africa’s economic powerhouses to become the preferred destination for foreign investment on the continent. If we are to attain the common goal of achieving meaningful economic growth that will improve the lives of all Africans, it is critical that a shift towards a collaborative, rather than an adversarial approach be taken between the continents’ leading companies and countries.
This view was strongly voiced at the 25th African Union Summit, which took place recently in June and where economic integration was one of the major themes. This underlines the union’s continuous commitment to political and economic solidarity between African countries, which is critical role in helping to address infrastructural investment shortfalls, amongst others.

Investors buying into hype, not reality, in Africa’s consumer markets
THE admission by Nestlé that it overestimated the size of Africa’s middle class has caused ripples in the “Africa rising” story. But it is also a much needed reality check for companies that have pinned their hopes — and their investments — on ambitious growth forecasts of the middle-class pot of gold.
Last week, the multinational food producer said it was cutting 15% of its workforce across 21 African countries and reducing its product lines. In 2008, it decided to invest heavily in sub-Saharan Africa based on projections of rising middle-class demand. Last week, it said turnover was way short of growth forecasts.
Business Day

Bright young things: meet Africa’s top entrepreneurs under 30
A new list compiled by Forbes Africa has set out to prove that age is no barrier to success, profiling thirty top entrepreneurs on the continent who have yet to reach that milestone.
They range from tech startups to medical solutions; food production to the media. Despite their diverse backgrounds they all share one thing in common: the drive and vision to succeed in the booming African market.

Africa is future for software entrepreneurs
Software and Africa are going to be a very interesting combination in the future, Meltwater founder and chief executive Jørn Lyseggen has said.
For Lyseggen, the world had to consider the “incredible fact” that by 2040, 50% of the world’s working population – between the ages of 18 and 60 – would be in Africa. “Africa will play a very incredible role in future politics on the global scene,” he said. “As a continent, I think it has a lot of potential.”

Swaziland – 25 June 2015

No Oversight On Swazi King’s Spending
There is no oversight on how Swaziland King Mswati III, his fifteen wives and vast royal family spend public money, a United States report has concluded.
The US makes annual reviews of the ‘fiscal transparency’ of governments that receive its financial assistance to ensure that American taxpayers’ money is used appropriately.

Campaign to Stop ‘King’s Cup’ Spreads
News of the campaign to stop two top South African football clubs taking part in a tournament to honour King Mswati III of Swaziland is spreading globally.
South African newspapers, wire services and Internet sites across the world are reporting opposition to Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates taking part in the King’s Super Cup in honour of King Mswati, who rules Swaziland as sub-Saharan Africa’s last absolute monarch.

Lesotho’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Relations, Tlohang Sekhamane, said they were not aware of Michael Ramodibedi’s whereabouts.
Sekhamane was sought for clarity following comments made by Swaziland’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mgwagwa Gamedze, when he left Swaziland that when they delivered the message from His Majesty King Mswati III to Lesotho’s King Letsie III; the fired Chief Justice (CJ) was expected to be present.
Times of Swaziland

The Anti- Corruption Commission (ACC) has obtained an order to freeze 11 bank accounts belonging to erstwhile Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs Sibusiso Shongwe and his law firm.
Shongwe is currently languishing in custody after he was denied bail by the High Court. The order to freeze the accounts comes after the commission moved an exparte application at the High Court.
Times of Swaziland

Zimbabwe – 25 June 2015

Mutasa ready to spill ‘rigging’ beans in court
FORMER Zanu PF stalwart and axed Presidential Affairs minister Didymus Mutasa yesterday said he was ready to stand in court and give evidence on how the ruling Zanu PF party rigged the 2008 election “if approached” by the opposition MDC-T.
Mutasa told NewsDay that “if the MDC people approach me”, he was more than willing to testify as an MDC-T witness, adding that he had over the past few months held several meetings with MDC-T leader Morgan Tsvangirai to strategise for the 2018 elections.
News Day

Review agric policies: Kabaghe
FORMER Zambian Cabinet minister Chance Kabaghe has called on the Zimbabwean government to review its agricultural policies in order to remove barriers stifling growth of the sector.
Kabaghe told delegates attending the Buy Zimbabwe 2015 Summit at Elephant Hills in Victoria Falls last week that Zimbabwe needed to revisit its various policies which are already in place and stop interfering with the administration of parastatals.
News Day

‘Zim requires $864m for infrastructure projects’
ZIMBABWE requires $864 million to fund infrastructure projects for power generation, Africa Development Bank (AfDB) has said.
The country’s maximum demand for power was 1 950 megawatts (MW), but 1 256MW was being generated, leaving a deficit of 600MW.
News Day

Probe Chihuri, top cop tells Mohadi
An assistant commissioner in the Zimbabwe Republic Police, who successfully appealed against both his sentence and conviction for allegedly facilitating the release of a fraud suspect, has petitioned Home Affairs minister Kembo Mohadi to probe his boss, Commissioner-General of Police Augustine Chihuri, on allegations of corruption and crime cover-up charges for senior officers within the institution.
News Day

ZRP, CIO Wanted To Install Tsvangirai as President of Zimbabwe in 2008
The Zimbabwe Republic Police and the State Security agents were fully ready to make MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai President of Zimbabwe soon after the 2008 elections, Robert Mugabe’s former State Security Boss Didymus Mutasa said. Mutasa speaking for the first time to the South African Independent newspaper, said Tsvangirai should have simply rushed to State House and no one was going to stop him, but the MDC leader fled to Botswana in retreat.

Madagascar – 25 June 2015

Police teargas Madagascar lawmaker in car
Malagascar police said on Tuesday they discovered about $65 000 in a lawmaker’s car after being tipped off that she was carrying cash to incite political unrest.
The incident on Monday evening, in which police used tear gas to force Lanto Dakotomanga out of her vehicle, highlighted rising tensions in the large Indian Ocean island country still plagued by turmoil six years after a coup.

AU calls for restraint as Madagascar court stops impeachment
The African Union welcomed the decision by Madagascar’s high court to reject parliament’s effort to impeach the president and called on lawmakers to avoid further instability in the island nation.
Chairwoman of the union’s commission, Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, in a Wednesday statement expressed her organization’s support for a climate of stability and socio-economic recovery in the wake of the 2009 coup.
She urged “political stakeholders to demonstrate a high sense of responsibility and to spare their country a new cycle of instability.”

France urges dialogue over Madagascar leader’s impeachment
France on Monday called on all sides to respect a Madagascar constitutional court decision to throw out parliament’s impeachment of President Hery Rajaonarimampianina, urging all parties to open a dialogue to avoid a new political crisis.
Rajaonarimampianina, who took office last year in the first presidential election since the 2009 coup, had challenged the legality of last month’s motion, saying there were irregularities during the impeachment vote in parliament.

Western Sahara – 25 June 2015

Leaked cables: Morocco lobbied UN to turn blind eye to Western Sahara in ‘House of Cards’ operation
The Moroccan government intercepted United Nations communications and used “unethical tactics” in a “House of Cards”-style operation designed to get the organisation to turn a blind eye to the humanitarian situation in Western Sahara, according to a leaked UN report.
The leaked report is a UN analysis of correspondence between the Moroccan government and the country’s permanent ambassador to the UN in Geneva and later New York, Omar Hilale, in the period from January 2012 to September 2014. The Moroccan correspondence was made public last year by an anonymous source using the @chris_coleman24 Twitter handle.
The Guardian

Western Sahara, a Victim of an Imperfect International Order
The Western Sahara is a victim of an imperfect international order, an international law easy to violate and a realpolitik which sabotage the rules, wrote Leelo Hoy newspaper last Friday.
The uruguayan newspaper recalls that ” Western Sahara is, actually, one of the 17 territories not autonomous under supervision of the UN Decolonization Committee, was registered in this list in 1960 while it still a Spanish colony”. Immediately afterward, it noted that “55 years after, it still in the same list, this time as a colony of Morocco”. “It is victim of an imperfect international order, an international law easy to violate and a realpolitik which sabotage the rules”, newspaper concludes.

AU adopts decision of PSC on Western Sahara
The 25th Summit of Heads of State of the African Union, held in Johannesburg, has adopted the decision presented in the report of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) on Western Sahara.
Sahara Press Service

Somalia – 25 June 2015

Al Shabaab claims responsibility for Somalia suicide attack, official says
A suicide bomber rammed a car packed with explosives into the entrance of a Somali intelligence training center Sunday, a government official said.
And armed attackers traded heavy gunfire with security guards as they tried to enter the building, said Mohamed Yusuf, spokesman for the Somali Security Ministry.

Senior Al Shabaab Figure Killed in South West Somalia
According to Somali National Security and Intelligence Agency (NISA) a senior Al Shabaab figure has been killed in attack in Bardere town in Gedo region.
In a confirmation message posted in the official twitter account, NISA said Yussuf Hajji killed was in response to Al Shabaab’s Sunday attempted attack on Intelligence training centre in the capital Mogadishu.

Somalia parliament in heated debate over border with Kenya
While debating a motion about the wall in the Somali capital Mogadishu, Somali MPs expressed reservations about the plan, terming the the move as unilateral as Kenya has not consulted the Somali government.
Speaker of the Somali Parliament Prof. Usman Jawaari called on the Kenya government not to take unilateral actions regarding the border without consulting the Somali government in order to build consensus and durable solutions.
Standard Digital

New international bank starts operations in Somalia
Premier Bank in Mogadishu held its opening ceremony in the presence of numerous government officials, including President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Director of the bank, Mahad Ahmed told attendees of the ceremony that Premier Bank offers comprehensive one-stop financial solutions to customers, including private and government institutions, corporate clients, small and medium-sized enterprises and individuals in the country. He added that service delivery was one the bank’s key focus areas and that it has partnered with MasterCard and Swift to bring these global services to Somalia.
African Review

South Sudan – 25 June 2015

UN mission reports five people injured in shooting at Juba marketplace
The UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) today reported that five internally displaced persons (IDPs) – four women and one man – were shot during an incident early Saturday evening.
That shooting took place at a market area adjacent to the site where the UN provided civilians protection in Juba, the capital.
Seriously wounded, four of the victims were taken to a clinic inside the UN site for medical treatment.
UN News

South Sudanese rebel leader meets Kenyan president in Nairobi
The leader of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO), according to his officials, arrived in Nairobi on Saturday from Johannesburg, South Africa, where he also held talks with a number of African and world leaders on the sidelines of the last week’s African Union’s summit of heads of state and government.
Sudan Tribune

AU’s South Sudan peace bid welcomed
Riek Machar, who is leading the fight against President Salva Kiir’s government in South Sudan’s 19-month-long civil war, is happy with the decisions made by the African Union (AU) at its summit in Sandton last week, to try to end the conflict.
He hopes that the decisions will lead to Kiir standing down in favour of a multiparty “caretaker” government to lead the country into elections which are effectively overdue already as Kiir’s mandate expires on July 9.

Sudan – 25 June 2015

Sudan agreed to Iran request for establishing military base ‘at the right time’
The Sudanese government agreed in principle to establish an Iranian military base, according to a cable released by Wikileaks today.
WikiLeaks published on Friday more than 60,000 diplomatic cables from Saudi Arabia and said on its website it would release half a million more in the coming weeks.
Sudan Tribune

Bid by Omar al-Bashir of Sudan to Avoid Arrest Is Tested in South Africa
As the only head of state wanted by the International Criminal Court on genocide charges, President Omar Hassan al-Bashir of Sudan had spent years looking over his shoulder. He avoided countries where the risk of arrest seemed high. He visited friendly African nations hostile to the court, though he sometimes quickly left for home when the ground seemed to shift.
But on Sunday, Mr. Bashir found himself unable to leave South Africa, which he was visiting to attend an African Union summit meeting in Johannesburg. A South African High Court ordered the government to prevent Mr. Bashir from departing until it issues a ruling Monday on whether the government is required to arrest him and hand him over to the international court.
New York Times

SA denies it hatched plan to protect Sudan’s Bashir
The National Assembly will today debate the issues the departure of Sudanese president Omal al-Bashir and the events which played out last week as Bashir — wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in connection with alleged war crimes — left South Africa before a court case regarding his possible arrest was concluded.
The parliamentary communication services said in a statement yesterday the debate was requested by the opposition leader Mmusi Maimane. Meanwhile the government yesterday denied secretly plotting a safe exit from the country for Bashir, despite an international arrest warrant on war crimes charges.
The Citizen

CAR – 25 June 2015

Central African Republic says to hold elections on Oct. 18
Central African Republic will hold presidential and parliamentary elections, seen as critical to drawing a line under a two-year inter-religious conflict, on Oct. 18, a spokesman for the interim government said on Thursday.
The country descended into chaos in March 2013 when the predominantly Muslim Seleka rebels seized power, sparking reprisals by “anti-balaka” Christian militia, who drove out tens of thousands of Muslims from the south in a de facto partition of the landlocked country.

Pope confirms plans to visit Central African Republic, Uganda in November
Pope Francis said today that he is planning to travel to Africa in November, specifically to the Central African Republic, Uganda, and possibly Kenya.
During a meeting with hundreds of priests from around the world participating in the Third World Priests Retreat in the Basilica of St. John Lateran, the Pope responded to the question from an African priest asking when he planned to come to Africa.
“God willing, I will be in Africa in November. In the Central African Republic first and then Uganda,” he responded.
CAN Daily News

Terrorist ‘economy’ bankrolls bloodshed in African nation
Armed insurgent groups fighting in Central African Republic have set up a virtual parallel economy — complete with for-profit businesses and an elaborate system of taxes — to finance a campaign of terror, sexual violence and other activities, according to a new report released Wednesday.
The two main armed groups operating in the landlocked, resource-rich country — the Muslim Seleka and largely Christian and animist Anti-Balaka — are responsible for violent atrocities that have shocked the international community, including extreme violence, conscripting child soldiers and massive property seizures, including forcibly taking control of lucrative diamond mines.
The Washington Times

Panel to review UN response to alleged Central African Republic sex abuse
A former supreme court justice of Canada will lead a review of how the United Nations handled allegations that French and African troops sexually abused children in the Central African Republic, the UN announced on Monday.
Marie Deschamps will chair the independent panel that will include Hassan Jallow of Gambia, a prosecutor of the UN tribunal for Rwanda, and Yasmin Sooka, executive director of the Foundation of Human Rights in South Africa.
The Guardian

DRC – 25 June 2015

Uganda, DR Congo to meet over disputed border point
Ugandan and Congolese authorities are set to meet today Tuesday over the disputed border point at Vurra in Arua district.
The conflict pitting Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo stems from the international boundary drawn during the colonial era.
Last week both parties failed to reach an understanding during a meeting held at Vurra border post.
New Vision

Democratic Republic of Congo’s National Assembly Passes Oil Code
The Democratic Republic of Congo’s National Assembly voted for a new oil code amid a flurry of legislation passed on the last day of its spring session on Monday, said Aubin Minaku, the assembly president. The new law “will establish transparency by defining the terms for granting hydrocarbon rights,” Minaku said in his closing speech to lawmakers, according to a transcript published on the assembly’s website Tuesday. It will also “assure the security of investments, and put in place a fiscal regime that will allow the Congolese state to profit from its hydrocarbons resources.”

Lack of electricity hinders DR Congo mining sector
The minerals in the south-eastern Katanga region represent potential riches for the Democratic Republic of Congo, but a lack of electricity is preventing the country from fully exploiting them. In Katanga’s regional capital Lubumbashi, power cuts regularly shut down the furnace at the STL factory that extracts cobalt, copper and zinc oxide from a nearby mountain of slag.
It takes 34 megawatts of electricity for the site’s giant furnace to operate at full capacity, but DR Congo’s national power company Snel is only supplying 24 megawatts. “We are living in a situation of continual stress and it’s hell,” said Jean-Pol Tavernier, STL’s maintenance director.
The Nation