Dialogue Online No. 12/2015: “Trendsetting the Third India-Africa Summit (IAFS 3) in Africa’s Development Trajectory” By Sanusha Naidu

In this article, Sanusha Naidu examines India-Africa trade relations within the context of the forthcoming, Third India-Africa Summit (IAFS 3) to be held from 26 – 29 October 2015. She argues that the summit presents an opportunity for India to set out a pragmatic agenda for how it will chart its engagement with the continent over the next three years. Sanusha calls on both Africa and India to be decisive in the partnership, with Africa being more coherent about what it wants out of New Delhi, and New Delhi being explicit about what it wants to achieve.

Download PDF here: DO No. 12 of 2015

Africa – 27 October 2015

African Standby Force closer to becoming a reality
The Amani Africa II field training exercise — made up of over 5 400 troops and police — kicked off at the Army Combat Training Centre in the Northern Cape.
The training will last until 5 November and is conducted by the African Union (AU) with the intent of evaluating the state of readiness of the African Standby Force (ASF) and its Rapid Deployment Capability (RDC).
The Southern Times

India, Africa cannot be excluded from UN Security Council
Making a fervant pitch for a permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council, India on Tuesday said it along with Africa comprising nearly 2.5 billion people “can no longer be excluded from their rightful place” in the world body.
“Although Indians and Africans comprise nearly 2.5 billion people, our nations continue to be excluded from appropriate representation in the institutions of global governance. India and Africa can no longer be excluded from their rightful place of the permanent membership of the UN Security Council,” External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said.
The Economic Times

S. Sudan President in South Africa
South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir is in South Africa for talks on the peace agreement aimed at ending his country’s 22-month civil war.
According to a spokesman, Kiir met Sunday with South African President Jacob Zuma and briefed him about efforts to implement the agreement he signed in August with rebel leader and former vice president Riek Machar.
The spokesman, Ateny Wek Ateny, says Kiir urged Zuma to convince rebels to sign a security arrangement deal that is part of the process of the peace agreement.
“The government of South Sudan has already initialed [it]; the rebels are still intransigent,” says Ateny.
Voice of America

Zimbabwe – 27 October 2015

Post-Mugabe Zimbabwe will be chaotic – politician
A Zimbabwean opposition leader has reportedly warned of total collapse the day President Robert Mugabe “does not wake up”.
Former finance minister Tendai Biti, who is the People’s Democratic Party leader, warned that Zimbabweans should brace themselves for civil war if Mugabe “does not wake up one morning”, a New Zimbabwe.com report said.

The political economy of small-scale mining in Zimbabwe
Ever since the enactment of Zimbabwe’s Mines and Minerals Act, which gives the state rights over mineral resources wherever they are found, mining has been controversial. In the colonial period, the Act gave precedence to miners over other colonists making use of the land, including for farming, forestry and ranching. The colonists of Rhodesia failed to find a second Rand, but the mineral resources of Zimbabwe are nevertheless rich. And with recent discoveries – notably diamonds in Marange and platinum in various parts of the country – mining has been the source of hot politics and big bucks.
The Zimbabwean

Swaziland – 27 October 2015

King – ‘I’ve No Assets Outside Swaziland’
King Mswati III of Swaziland who was once reported to have a personal net worth of US$200 million has told a court that he has no assets outside of Swaziland.
He made his statement in a case where he is personally being sued over a US$3.5 million debt relating to repairs and improvements to his private jet aircraft.

King Mswati of Swaziland expected in Zambia for Independence day celebrations
King Mswati of Swaziland is on Friday expected in the country to join Zambians in celebrating the country’s 51 years of Independence.
The Swazi King who is the guest of honour for the celebrations will be welcomed by President Edgar Lungu at Kenneth Kaunda International Airport.
President Lungu and King Mswati are expected to lead the country in celebrating the end of the country’s Jubilee celebrations.
Lusaka Times

Western Sahara – 27 October 2015

Algeria reiterates support for Western Sahara’s right to self-determination
Algerian National People’s Assembly Speaker Mohamed Larbi Ould Khelifa reiterated his country’s support for the right to self-determination for the people of Western Sahara, Algeria’s state news agency APS reported.
Speaking during a meeting with Vice-President of the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) Suilma Hay Emhamed Elkaid yesterday, Ould Khalifa declared “Algeria’s unconditional support for the Saharawi people in fulfilment of its foreign policy principles.”
Middle East Monitor.com

Western Sahara goes to Europe
Not primarily about migration, but a case arising out of the long-running conflict between Morocco, as occupying power, and the Western Sahara as occupied territory. For many years, the UN has recognised the Western Sahara as a non-self-governing territory which is entitled to exercise its right of self-determination. Morocco does not agree, and has done what occupying powers do, namely send in Moroccan nationals to flood the existing populations, add troops, and commit human rights abuses, according to evidence filed in the case.
UK Human Rights Blog

South Sudan – 27 October 2015

New peace pact in South Sudan
South Sudan’s warring government and rebel forces signed Monday a committment to settle key security sections of a peace deal, despite having broken the pact multiple times.
The agreement is hoped to kickstart stalled talks for key military sections of an August 26 deal, including the demilitarisation of the capital Juba, the positions of troops on both sides and steps towards the creation of a unified army.

South Sudan Makes Progress on Cease-fire
South Sudan’s rebels signed an agreement Monday to finalize the implementation of the security arrangements that were part of an August peace accord.
Fighting has continued despite that cease-fire, but this latest development has all parties hopeful.
The government delegation and a group of former political leaders and detainees signed the agreement in September, but the rebels had refused.
Voice of America

Sudan – 27 October 2015

Sudan’s Bashir hopes dialogue conference to produce unified national vision
Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir has expressed hope that the national dialogue conference can come up with a consensus on a unified vision to formulate the future according to a national will.
Bashir, who was addressing the meeting of the National Council for Strategic Planning (NCSP) on Monday, said the meeting comes at a time when the country is witnessing the works of the dialogue conference, pointing the conference is expected to lead to a national vision to formulate Sudan’s future “according to our national will and without dictation or tutelage of any party”.
Sudan Tribune

Sudanese MPs divided over Darfur referendum
Sudanese lawmakers in the country’s national assembly argued incessantly on the planned Darfur referendum as affirmed in the speech of President Omer Hassan al-Bashir during the Parliamentary session convened last week.
Under the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) signed in 2011 between the government several rebel movements, a referendum must be held on whether to maintain the status quo for Darfur region or consolidate all states in the region into one.
Sudan Tribune

Somalia – 27 October 2015

Somalia: People With Disabilities Abused, Neglected
People with mental health conditions in Somaliland are increasingly forced into institutions, where they face serious abuses and poor conditions. The Somaliland authorities should provide oversight for all mental health facilities, prohibit chaining, and establish voluntary community-based services for people with mental health conditions.
The 81-page report, “‘Chained Like Prisoners’: Abuses Against People with Psychosocial Disabilities in Somaliland,” finds that men with perceived or actual psychosocial disabilities face abusive restraints, beatings, involuntary treatment, and overcrowding in private and public health centers. Most are held against their will and have no possibility of challenging their detention. In private centers in particular, those with psychosocial disabilities face punitive and prolonged chaining, confinement, seclusion, and severe restrictions on their movement. The findings highlight the importance of mental health services in post-conflict regions. According to the World Health Organization, Somaliland has high rates of psychosocial disability.

KDF kill 15 al Shabaab terrorists in Somalia, destroy two boats
Kenya Defence Force (KDF) troops on Sunday morning killed fifteen al Shabaab fighters and destroyed equipment during a raid on the insurgents base in Yantooy along Jubba river in Somalia.
According to KDF spokesman Colonel David Obonyo, the troops who are fighting under the AMISOM mandate destroyed the al Shabaab operations base which is about 10 kilometres away from Bulla Gadud.
The latest attack is part of the ongoing ‘Operation Juba Corridor’ and is in preparation of Amisom’s impending attack and liberation of Jilib from the terrorist group which has been serving as their headquarters in Lower Shabelle.
The Star