“Women in Peace-Building: Lessons from South Sudan” co-hosted by SALO and DIRCO- 30 June 2016, Pretoria



On the 30th of June 2016, SALO in partnership with the Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO), hosted a workshop entitled, The Role of Women in Peace-building: Lessons from South Sudan. This event highlighted the challenges that women face in the South Sudan peace process and opportunities for greater inclusion.

The first panel discussion included speakers Mr John Simon Kor, Deputy Head of Mission, South Sudanese Embassy in South Africa; Ms Selaelo S Ramokgopa, Chief Director of East Africa Desk at DIRCO and H.E. Ms Trine Skymoen, Ambassador to the Royal Norwegian Embassy in South Africa.

The second session was addressed by Justice Ajonye Perpetua Paya, Deputy Chairperson of the Law Society of South Sudan; Ms Zeinab Yassin Hagelsafi, the Chairwoman of the South Sudan Women’s General Association (SSWGA) and Ms Venetia Govender, a SALO Associate and Director of Crisis Action Southern Africa who gave the closing remarks.

SALO 30 JUNE 20162

Justice Ajonye Perpetua Paya, Deputy Chairperson, Law Society of South Sudan with Molly Dhlamini from SALO

panel2 speaker2

Zeinab Yassin Hagelsafi, Chairwoman, South Sudan Women’s General Association



In his closing remarks, Bishop Rubin Phillip thanked the South Sudan speakers for giving an informative and insightful presentation about South Sudan, which Bishop Phillip noted was a great yet also very complex country.

‘Brexit Is Bad News for Africa. Period.’ by Alex de Waal

27 June 2016

The British diplomatic corps is in a state of shock. Overnight, Great Britain has been reduced to Little England and the country’s global stature has shrunk by a fraction far greater than the economic losses registered on the London Stock Exchange — or even the plummeting value of the pound sterling. Perhaps more than anyone else, Britain’s ambassadors, military and commercial attachés, and heads of aid missions in Africa are painfully aware that the Union Jack so gleefully waved by the champions of the “Leave” campaign will soon become a historical relic.

The damage to British interests is significant, but the losses for Africa could be greater still. In campaigning to leave the European Union, Minister for Africa James Duddridge argued that Britain would be able to forge stronger ties with the continent if it were unencumbered by EU inefficiencies in aid and trade. Perhaps if Duddridge had a blank slate on which to construct a new Africa policy, he could do better than Britain’s existing one, which is part bilateral and part multilateral through the EU. But no policy is ever built on a blank slate, and surveying the post-Brexit political wreckage, he is now faced with a salvage job that will involve decoupling Britain from numerous EU-led peace and development initiatives and renegotiating dozens of trade deals. Even deftly managed by Duddridge or his successor, the Brexit will leave Britain with a fraction of the influence it currently wields in Africa.

To read the full article on the Foreign Policy website, please click here.

Statement from Minister Lindiwe Zulu on the Impact of Violence on Small Businesses


Department of Small Business Development, Statement, 26 June 2016

Ms Lindiwe Zulu

Minister of the Republic for Small Business Development, on

Impact of Violence on Small Businesses

“I condemn looting of small businesses in Tshwane in the strongest possible terms. It is totally unacceptable and works against the interests of the country,” Minister of Small Business Development Lindiwe Zulu has said in a statement.

“The violence, destruction of property and various acts of criminality directed at foreign-owned traders cannot be tolerated in a democratic society.

“Furthermore, this looting and destruction of local and foreign national owned shops and other small businesses reverses the gains that government has been making to harmonise the relationships between local and traders of foreign origin. It also undermines the efforts of Government, my department specifically, to strengthen small businesses in our collective efforts to create jobs and improve the socio-economic conditions of our communities,” she said.

“On what basis will people be prepared to become entrepreneurs when their investments can go up in smoke for no fault of theirs?” asked the Minister.

“I wish to commend the police for doing their best to deal with an extremely difficult and volatile situation. We urge our law-enforcement agencies to leave no stone unturned to save life and limb, and to restore calm and stability in the area. I remain satisfied with government and the department’s efforts in dealing with this violence in line with the government decisions of the IMC on migration.  We are confident that our law-enforcement agencies will continue to deal firmly against these anarchists and destructionists.

“We call upon those who call themselves community leaders to refrain from mobilising members of the public against foreign traders for their own selfish interests.

“I am concerned that the ongoing intimidation of small business owners and destruction of small businesses will discourage entrepreneurs to establish new businesses, and thus undermine our efforts of building a nation of entrepreneurs and job creators.

“Working together we can change the course of direction for a better South Africa.”


Issued by:
Department of Small Business Development and Mpumalanga Department of Economic Development and Tourism

Cornelius Monama, Spokesperson, Dept of Small Business Development, 060 960 3158



Policy Brief 6 of 2016 “South Africa-China-Zimbabwe Relations” 8 June 2016

On the 8th June 2016, SALO facilitated a dialogue in Cape Town, entitled: “South Africa-China-Zimbabwe Relations”. Professor Mills Soko, Associate Professor of International Political Economy, UCT Graduate School of Business was the keynote speaker. Other speakers included South African foreign policy experts, the Zimbabwean Consul-General and a Chinese academic based at UCT.

The aim of the dialogue was to initiate an informed and representative dialogue on the nature and state of South Africa-China-Zimbabwe relations. This dialogue was a continuation of SALO’s August 2015 South Africa-Zimbabwe dialogue held at UCT At the 2015 dialogue, the issue of China’s importance and relevance to Zimbabwe was consistently raised as a key aspect to analyse in terms of better understanding South Africa- Zimbabwe relations. It is on this basis that the 8th June 2016 discussion was facilitated.

The key outcomes of the discussion include:

– an acknowledgement that China is an important and key stakeholder with regards to Zimbabwe; and therefore has an important role to play in relation to the crisis in Zimbabwe

–  a realisation that South Africa needs to reengage with the Zimbabwe context, in order to initiate a constructive dialogue around Zimbabwe’s future prospects in light of the dire socioeconomic context, and potentially volatile political context

The key issues raised related to the pressing need for mediation and dialogue in terms of Zimbabwe’s political and economic future, especially in light of the upcoming 2018 elections.

Read full Policy Brief here: PB 6 of 2016 – 8 June

South Africa – China – Zimbabwe Relations; 8 June 2016, Cape Town


This topic was borne out of and sought to be a continuation of the discussion generated in our successful 2015 workshop on SA-Zim relations in partnership with FES.  China was mentioned by panelists and participants alike several times, in the context of analysing SA-Zim relations.  It is clear that one cannot gain a comprehensive analysis of the SA-Zimbabwe relationship without including an analysis of both Zimbabwe’s and South Africa’s strong bilateral relationships with China, plus the three-way dynamics and regional/international aspects.

SALO 8 JUNEC201662

Chair: Mr Tawanda Sachikonye, Senior Researcher at SALO

Mr Andreas Quasten

Opening Remarks: Mr Andreas Quasten, Assistant Director, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES)

Prof Mills Soko2

    • Prof Mills Soko, Associate Professor of International Political Economy at the Graduate School of Business (GSB), University of Cape Town
Ms Sanusha Naidu
    • Ms Sanusha Naidu, Senior Research Associate at Institute for Global Dialogue (IGD)
Dr Philani Mthembu2
    • Dr Philani Mthembu, ?Senior Researcher, Institute for Global Dialogue (IGD)


Closing Remarks and Summary: Dr Showers Mawowa, Research, Development and Coordination Manager, SALO


Africa – 24 June 2016

Uganda Says to Pull Troops Out of Somalia by End of 2017

Uganda plans to withdraw its troops from Somalia by December 2017, signalling it is scaling back regional military interventions after it said it planned a similar pullback from Central African Republic.

President Yoweri Museveni has intervened in several regional security hotspots, deploying troops to help quell unrest in Somalia, Central African Republic and South Sudan in recent years.

A staunch ally of the United States, Museveni has faced a groundswell of opposition at home since winning a disputed presidential election in February.



Immense human suffering recorded

One in every 113 people was affected by forced displacement in 2015. The UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) said this was the highest level ever recorded, and represented immense human suffering.

As the globe marks World Refugee Day on Monday, the UNHCR released its global trends report for 2015 on Monday morning.



Khama calls on SADC leaders to tackle water, energy crisis

Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) chairman and Botswana President Lieutenant-General Seretse Khama Ian Khama has called on member states to show political will to resolve the power and water problems affecting the region.

Addressing the two-day SADC Ministerial Workshop held in Gaborone to discuss the energy and water crises, Khama said only 60 percent of the regional population had access to clean drinking water, while only 40 percent had access to safe and adequate sanitation facilities.


Zimbabwe – 24 June 2016

Cash-strapped Zimbabwe rejects single currency regime

The Zimbabwean government would not adopt a sole official trading unit. According to the Finance and Economic Development Minister, Patrick Chinamasa, the government would maintain a multi-currency regime.

‘‘We do not intend to adopt a single currency, but we will continue to bolster the strength of the multi-currency system,’’ the minister said.

This is according to Zimbabwe’s Herald news website, who report that the Minister made the disclosure when he was presenting a ministerial statement on the economy and the pending introduction of bond notes.

Africa News


China to Build New Parliament for Zimbabwe – Free of Charge

A Chinese envoy has handed over construction plans for a new parliament building to President Robert Mugabe.

State radio is reporting that China plans to build the new parliament just outside Harare at no cost to Zimbabwe.

The state ZBC is reporting that a special envoy of Chinese president Xi Jinping handed over the construction plans to President Mugabe yesterday.

The new parliament building is planned for Mount Hampden, 18km west of the capital.


Swaziland – 24 June 2016

High Commissioner to UK Slams Allegations By Maid

Swaziland’s High Commissioner to the United Kingdom Her Excellency Dumisile Sukati has strongly refuted reports that she trafficked her housekeeper Zanele Shongwe to London in 2011.

In a full statement to the media on the matter, Sukati said she did not fear investigation into the issue because she was innocent of any alleged wrongdoing. If anything, she said a closer look into the matter will reveal the truth of her initial good intentions, which she said were all within the confines of the law.

Times of Swaziland


Swazi Albinos Demand Govt Protection

Albino people in Swaziland have called on the Government to protect them because they say they are ‘hunted down like animals’.

The call came on Friday (17 June 2016) during a march to raise awareness of the albino’s plight.

The Swazi News reported, ‘The message was loud and clear that government should put in place policies to protect people living with albinism; who are always on the run, as they are hunted down like animals.’


Madagascar – 24 June 2016

Is The Race for Madagascar’s Resources About to Get Underway?

A part of the world where a small but potentially important news item emerged in the mining world this week – from the rising resource power of South Korea.

As I saw firsthand in a visit last month, Korea is moving quickly to catch up with Japan and China when it comes to international minerals investment. And this week the country announced a strategic move in a very unexpected place – the East African nation of Madagascar.

Local Korean press quoted government officials as saying that Korea is ready to open an embassy in Madagascar’s capital Antananarivo. A big step — with relations between these countries having been handled up till now by Korea’s ambassador in South Africa.



Bandits kill 31 bush taxi passengers SW Madagascar

Thirty-one passengers onboard a bush taxi were killed by bandits in southwestern Madagascar, authorities said on Wednesday.

The bush taxi, carrying 32, was assaulted by bandits on its way from Toliara to Beroroha, southwestern Madagascar, command of National Gendarmerie Daniel Ramiandrisoa told a press conference, Xinhua reported.

“Around 20 bandits put a dam on the road of the bush taxi, the driver could manage to escape it, but the bandits shot the rear tire and overthrew the car,” Ramiandrisoa said.

Business Standard

Western Sahara – 24 June 2016

Morocco offers to let some UN Western Sahara mission staff back

Morocco has proposed allowing around 25 civilian staff to immediately return to the United Nations peacekeeping mission in disputed Western Sahara in a sign that tensions between Rabat and the U.N. may be easing, diplomatic sources said on Friday.

Earlier this year, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon used the word “occupation” to describe Morocco’s annexation of Western Sahara in 1975, when Rabat took it over from colonial power Spain. Infuriated by what it saw as a shift away from a neutral position, Morocco expelled dozens of U.N. staff working for the mission there known as MINURSO.



Morocco Seeks to End Peace Process, Says Boukhari

Morocco has chosen the course of confrontation with the international community to end the United Nations-led peace process, said Polisario Front’s Representative to the UN Ahmed Boukhari.

In his address at the session of the Special Committee on Decolonization, held in New York on Friday, Boukhari said that the colonizing power has chosen the option of confrontation with the international community to end the peace process and push the region into the worst-case scenarios.