South Sudan – 24 June 2016

UN to send peacekeepers home over South Sudan inaction

The United Nations has said that it will send peacekeepers home over a “lack of responsiveness” during a bloody attack on a UN-run camp in South Sudan in February.

UN peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous acknowledged on Wednesday that an investigation had found “inadequacies” in peacekeepers’ response when gunmen in military uniforms stormed the camp in the northeastern town of Malakal on February 17 and 18, firing on civilians and setting shelters ablaze.

The attack on the camp, where about 48,000 people were sheltering, left at least 40 dead and 123 wounded.



South Sudan’s foreign currency reserves can only last for a month, says Central Bank official

South Sudan has foreign currency reserves likely to last for only a month, a Central Bank official said amid warnings of a possible economy collapse.

“The [foreign] reserves we have may cover only imports of only five weeks [from now],” John Dor Majok, the deputy Central Bank governor told Radio Miraya Thursday.

“After that [five weeks], there will not be any goods in the market,” he added, but said the goods could be available in the country, yet the prices could be extremely high.

This is the first time Central Bank has public declared the depth of the economic crisis triggered by war in 2013 that led to reduction in daily oil output, coupled with decline in global oil prices. South Sudan relies on oil for 98% of government revenues.

Sudan Tribune

Sudan – 24 June 2016

AUHIP chief declines to negotiate supplemental agreement with Sudan Call groups

The head of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) has declined a proposal by Sudanese opposition groups to negotiate a supplemental document to the Roadmap Agreement which is already signed by the government last March.

On 19 June, the leader of the National Umma Party (NUP), Sadiq al-Mahdi – acting on behalf of the Sudan Call forces – sent a letter to AUHIP chair Thabo Mbeki and attached with it ’A Proposal to Break the Impasse on the Roadmap Agreement’.

Sudan Tribune


Welcoming Sudan’s cessation of hostilities, Ban urges ‘final peace’ through national dialogue

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has welcomed the announcement by the Sudanese Government of a four-month unilateral cessation of hostilities, beginning on 18 June 2016, in the Blue Nile and South Kordofan states.

In a statement issued this afternoon by his spokesperson, Mr. Ban also welcomed the six-month unilateral cessation of hostilities declared by the Sudan Revolutionary Forces in the Two Areas and Darfur on 28 April 2016.

“These commitments should ease the suffering of the people living in the affected areas,” said the statement, through which the UN chief also urged the parties to allow and facilitate urgently needed humanitarian access to these areas.

UN News

Central African Republic – 24 June 2016

Bemba Gets 18 Years for Central African Republic War Crimes

Jean-Pierre Bemba is the first person to be convicted by the ICC of crimes of sexual violence in war.

Congolese politician Jean-Pierre Bemba was sentenced to 18 years in prison by the International Criminal Court on Tuesday for heading a 2002-03 campaign of rape and murder in neighbouring Central African Republic.

The former Democratic Republic of Congo vice-president in March became the first person to be convicted by the global war crimes court of crimes of sexual violence in war, as well as the first to be held directly responsible for his subordinates’ crimes.



16 killed in fresh unrest in Central African Republic

Sixteen people have been killed in two days of clashes between Fulani herdsmen and the mainly Muslim Seleka militia in the Central African Republic, police said on Tuesday.

The chronically unstable nation is struggling to overcome the legacy of three years of deadly conflict between Christians and Muslims that has driven half a million people from their homes.

“According to an initial toll, 16 people, most of them armed Fulani herdsmen, were killed and more than 20 others were wounded in the clashes,” a police officer in the northern town of Kaga Bandoro told AFP on condition of anonymity.


Somalia – 24 June 2016

Somalia President says electoral process for August ‘critical’

The meeting of National Leadership Forum (NLF) has proceeded into its second day with urgently pressing agendas on the table, Garowe Online reports.

Speaking in Southwestern Baidoa town on Thursday, President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud touted upcoming August vote as ‘critical’ and “a test” for the country’s nascent and rebuilding institutions.

“The upcoming election is inseparable from the future of new and democratic Somalia,” Mohamud told the forum hosted by Southwest State President Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan.


UN to offer 1.9 mln USD to curb cholera outbreak in Somalia

The UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) will release 1.9 million U.S. dollars to help contain the outbreak of cholera in Somalia.

OCHA said in its report on Thursday that the money, from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund, will be used to contain the cholera outbreak in the next three months.

“It will support complementary health, logistics and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities in the most affected areas with the highest caseload and notable increase in reported deaths,” OCHA said.

DRC – 24 June 2016

US Imposes Sanctions on Kinshasa Police Chief in DRC

The United States has imposed sanctions on Kinshasa’s police chief in the Democratic Republic of Congo for violence and the murder of civilians.

All U.S. assets belonging to Celestin Kanyama are frozen and Americans are barred from doing any business with him. The U.S. accuses Kanyama and his police force of creating a “climate of fear” in the DRC ahead of the December presidential election. President Joseph Kabila is believed to be planning to change election laws to allow himself to run for a third term, which would violate the constitution.

Voice of America


UN Security Council Urges Congo to Hold Election by End of Year

The United Nations Security Council expressed concern on Thursday over the arrest of political opposition members in Democratic Republic of Congo and urged the president to hold elections by the end of the year as required by the constitution.

The Congolese government has said it is unlikely it will be able to hold elections on time for logistical reasons as opponents of President Joseph Kabila accuse him of trying to cling to power.

Voice of America

MSF internal review of the February 2016 attack on the Malakal Protection of Civilians

June 2016

Violence erupted between internally displaced persons (IDPs) of different ethnic groups in a Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Malakal, South Sudan, on 17 February 2016 and continued until the next afternoon. There are strong indications that external military forces were also involved in the fighting. The violence and ensuing fire caused the destruction of large swathes of the camp (35 per cent of shelters were destroyed) and left between 25 and 65 people dead (including 2 MSF staff), 108 injured and over 29,000 IDPs displaced once again. This report constitutes the findings of an internal review conducted by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) into those events. The review aimed to provide lessons learned from MSF’s medical emergency response, as well as to help better understand the circumstances around the events and the role of the different actors.

To read the full report, please click here.

Africa – 17 June 2016

Japan backs African call for UN Security Council reform

Japan said Thursday that it will support calls by Africa – and Turkey – for UN Security Council reform when it takes the council’s helm next month.

Masakazu Hamachi, the Japanese parliament’s vice-minister for foreign affairs, made the remarks in Gambia, at the opening session of the preparatory ministerial meeting of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD).

The ministerial meeting which started in Banjul today was held in preparation for the first-ever TICAD conference to be held in Africa in Nairobi, Kenya in August.



President Values Cooperation for Peace and Security to Regional Economic Development

The President of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), José Eduardo dos Santos, considered on Tuesday important the cooperation and mobilization of political will to treat the Peace and Security issues, aimed at promoting cooperation and economic and social development in the member countries of the region.

The Angolan statesman said so when speaking at the opening session of the 6th Ordinary Summit of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), as President of this regional body in Luanda, which took place under the motto “Accelerating the effective implementation of the pact and its protocols for a more democratic and stable Great Lakes Region.

He said that this cooperation framework in the member states also met the conditions for organizing the Economic and Investment Forum in the Great Lakes region, which took place in February this year in the Democratic Republic of Congo.


The 604th meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council on the situation in Guinea Bissau

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 604th meeting, held on 9 June 2016, was briefed by the Commissioner for Peace and Security on the situation in Guinea Bissau. Council also received the statements made by the representatives of Senegal, African member of the United Nations Security Council, and of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

Council, recalling its previous pronouncements on the situation in Guinea-Bissau, including Communiqué PSC/PR /COMM/2. (DLXXXVI), adopted at its 586th meeting held on 31 March 2016, following its mission to that country, from 16 to 21 March 2016, expressed its deep concern about the latest developments in the political and institutional crisis in Guinea Bissau. Council noted, with regret, that despite numerous mediation efforts made by the international community, particularly the AU, ECOWAS, the Community of Portuguese?speaking Countries (CPLP) and many other actors, the differences deepened between the main political authorities of the country, especially between the President of the Republic and the leadership of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), after the dissolution of the Government by Presidential Decree, on 12 May 2016.

Zimbabwe – 17 June 2016

Perm Sec in U.S.$1,7 Million Scandal

Secretary for Mines and Mining Development Professor Francis Gudyanga allegedly ordered the Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ) to pay a Harare-based agricultural firm over $1,3 million presumably for services the firm provided to the Zimbabwe Republic Police’s Minerals and Border Patrol Unit.

Coincidentally, Pedstock Investment, the agricultural company, supplied and installed irrigation equipment at Prof Gudyanga’s farm in Manicaland worth thousands of dollars. The equipment included top-of-the-range water pumps and other irrigation accessories.

Swaziland – 17 June 2016

Swaziland Prepares for 36th SADC Summit

The Kingdom of Swaziland is intensifying preparations for the annual regional summit where southern African countries will review progress towards deepening integration and promoting socio-economic development.

The 36th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is scheduled for Mbabane, Swaziland in August.

His Majesty King Mswati III of Swaziland, currently the deputy chairperson of SADC, will assume leadership of the regional organization from President Seretse Khama Ian Khama of Botswana at the Summit.


UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador David Beckham visits Swaziland to focus attention on children at risk from regional drought crisis

UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador David Beckham meets Sebenelle, 14, in Makhewu, Swaziland, on June 7, 2016, who receives 7 Fund support in management of malnutrition in HIV positive children.

During his visit to Swaziland, the country with the highest rates of HIV infection in the world, Beckham met mothers and children who are living with HIV in some of the poorest homesteads in Lubombo and Shiselweni regions. He saw how his fund is helping UNICEF to provide children with life-saving treatment and care and learned how over the next three years the 7 Fund is committed to contributing 27% of UNICEF Swaziland’s annual budget for HIV/AIDS.

UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador David Beckham: “Last year I launched my own Fund with UNICEF because I wanted to help build a safer world for children. I feel very proud to be in Swaziland to see how the money raised through the 7 Fund is helping to keep vulnerable children affected by HIV and AIDS healthy and safe. Many of the children I met, some of whom were the same age as my own children, had lost one or both parents to AIDS and are themselves now living with HIV. As a father of four, it was hard to hear their stories about the daily challenges they face, which are now being made so much worse by this devastating drought.”