Lesotho

Official name: The Kingdom of Lesotho

Information from CIA Factbook, Wikipedia,South Africa History Online and other websites


Lesotho flagLesotho Facts:

  • Independence Gained from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966
  • Constitution: adopted in 1993, amended in 1996, 1997, 1998, and 2001.
  • Government: Unitary Parliamentary and a Constitutional Monarchy
  • Prime Minister:
    Tom Thabane (June 2012 – Present), All Basotho Convention
    Pakalitha Mosisili (1998; 2002 – 2012), Lesotho Congress of Democrats
    Colonel Elias Tutsoane Ramaema (1991 – 1993)
    Major-General Justin Lekhanya (1986 – 1991)
    Leabua Jonathan (1966 – 1986), Basotho National Party
  • King:
    Letsie III (since February 1996 – present)
    King Moshoeshoe II (1995 – 1996)
    Letsie III (1990 – 1995)
    King Moshoeshoe II (1966 – 1990)
  • Population: 2.074 million (2013)
  • Capital: Maseru
  • Geographic Location: Completely landlocked within South Africa
  • HDI Rank: 0.486 and 162nd
  • Ethnic groups: 99.7% Basotho, 0.3% other Africans, Asians Europeans and other.
  • Languages: Sesotho and English
  • Religions: 80% are Christian and 20% have indigenous beliefs and are of other religions
  • Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal