Madagascar

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Madagascar Country Facts

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  • Independence gained from France on 26 June 1960
  • Constitution: adopted by referendum on 17 November 2010
  • Presidents (Political Party):
  •     Andry Rajoelina: 2009 – Present (TGV)
  •     Marc Ravalomanana: 2002 – 2009 (TIM)
  •     Didier Ratsiraka: 1997 – 2002 (AREMA)
  •     Norbert Ratsirahonana: 1996 – 1997 (AVI)
  •     Albert Zafy: 1993 – 1996 (UNDD)
  •     Didier Ratsiraka: 1976 – 1993 (Military/FNDR/AREMA)
  •     Military Rule: 1972 – 1976
  •     Philibert Tsiranana: 1960 – 1972 (PSD)
  •     Population: 22.6 million (2013 estimate) with growth rate of 2.65%
  •     HDI rank: 0.483 (2012)