Somalia

SOMALIA copy

Somalia Country Facts

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  • British Somaliland gained independence on 26 June 1960; Italian Somalia gained independence on 1 July 1960. The two territories united to form the Somali Republic.
  • Presidents (Political Party)*:
  •     Hassan Sheikh Mohamud: 2012 – present (PDP)
  • Sharif Sheikh Ahmed: 2009 – 2012 (ARS)
  • Adan Mohamed Nuur Madobe: 2008 – 2009 (Rahanweyn Resistance Army)
  • Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed: 2004 – 2008 (Independent)
  • Abdiqasim Salad Hassan: 2000 – 2004 (Independent)
  • Ali Mahdi Muhammad: 1991 – 1997 (USC)
  • Mohamed Siad Barre: 1969 – 1991 (SRSP)
  • Abdirashid Ali Shermarke: 1967 – 1969 (SYL)
  • Aden Abdullah Osman Daar: 1960 – 1967 (SYL
  • Population: 10.3 million (2013 estimate) with growth rate of 1.67%
  • HDI rank: 0.285 (2012)

 * This list excludes interim presidents